- Paraphrasing and summarization are powerful tools for communication in many different venues.
- Students who are struggling with reading comprehension can use paraphrasing and summarization strategically to help them improve their understanding of the text.
- One of the most important elements in both paraphrasing and summarization is identifying main ideas.
- Using the skills of paraphrasing to help comprehend what's being read involves the use of a paraphrasing strategy.
- Providing a summary of material would likely require you to construct an original statement that synthesizes what you have heard or read.
- Before students can use paraphrasing as a strategy, they must have the required linguistic and metalinguistic knowledge and skills.
- To give a summary of text, the reader not only has to know the main ideas of the material but also must be able to synthesize the ideas into an overarching, or superordinate, idea.
- Paraphrasing and summarizing are difficult skills and require a high level of cognitive processing.
- Poor readers often have difficulty integrating separate idea units into larger units and organizing their reading input in a meaningful way.
- Research has shown that instruction to make paraphrasing and summarization explicit can improve reading comprehension for struggling learners.
- For some readers, especially those with learning disabilities, the difficulty in paraphrasing and summarization stems from an inability to grasp the main ideas.
- An author generally intends for the main idea of a text to be obvious to the reader, yet some readers cannot easily pick out main ideas.
- Regardless of the specific steps you may use in a paraphrasing strategy for reading, you should use a sequence of activities that would include planning, executing or performing, and evaluating the quality of your paraphrase.
- Performance of the task of paraphrasing would include reading the passages, identifying the main ideas and details, possibly looking up words in the dictionary or thesaurus, and finally, producing the paraphrase in your own words.
- Within a variety of reading comprehension routines, students are taught to develop "habits" of attending to the text by paraphrasing and summarizing as they read a passage.